Rauf Raif Denktaş has distinguished himself as an accomplished lawyer, organizer and political leader. He has been Barrister-at-Law of the Lincoln’s Inn in London, a Member of the Bar, and a Member of the Consultative Assembly (1948), a Member of Turkish Affairs Committee (1948-49), a junior Crown Counsel, Crown Counsel and Ag. Solicitor General (1949 to 1957), and the elected President of the Federation of Turkish Cypriot Associations, a voluntary organization activating social and economic life of Turkish People in Cyprus and organizing their resistance to Greek Cypriot agitation for uniting Cyprus with Greece. He helped establish the Turkish Resistance Movement (TMT) against the Greek Cypriot terrorist organization EOKA which aimed at union with Greece. “No to neo-colonization — No to union with Greece” became the freedom cry of Turkish Cypriots. As leader of Turkish Cypriots, Mr. Denktaş organized all activities for aid to refugees from 33 villages destroyed by EOKA in 1958, and with volunteer working groups re-built destroyed houses which were soon to be destroyed again in a new Greek Cypriot onslaught in 1963; the destruction continued until 1974. In 1958 Mr. Denktaş went to the UNO with Turkish Cypriot leader, Dr. Fazıl Kuchuk, in order to explain the Turkish Cypriot case. He stated:
Under the guise of applying the right of self-determination to Cyprus, Greek Cypriots wanted to colonize Turkish Cypriot people... This we cannot we shall not accept. The principle of the right of self-determination was not evolved in order to colonize one set of people by another. We are as much entitled to the right of self-determination as the Greek Cypriots are... The Greek Cypriot political aim is union with Greece... Turkish Cypriots cannot bow to this demand which is, for them, neo-colonization.
The Turkish Cypriot people's policy for a dignified existence in Cyprus as free people evolves around this basic idea.
Zurich and London Agreements were made in 1959 between Turkey, Greece, and Great Britain as the three interested countries in Cyprus and the two communities Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots regarded respectively Turkey and Greece as their motherlands.